Dayak Tribes in Borneo


Dayak or Daya is a collection of various sub-ethnic Austronesian which is considered as indigenous people who inhabited the island of Borneo, more precisely, is a river in the present culture that is after the development of Islam in Borneo, the Dayak Cultural previously was nautical. Almost all names have a meaning as the Dayak as something related to the river, especially on family names and family names. As the name of the language of kinship Dayak Bidayuh, Bidayauh itself is origin of the word "Bi" which means "people" and Dayuh which means "upstream" so Bidayuh means "upstream". Ot Danum designation derived from their own language of origin of the word "Ot" meaning the upstream and Danum which means "water" so Ot Danum means Upstreeam Water (river), that is, people who live in the uplands.

Biaju designation comes from the ancient Biaju itself derived from the word "Bi" which means "People" and the word "Aju / Ngaju" significant upstream so Biaju meaning "upstream people. " In the area of Dayak Sarawak Malaysia clump Apokayan (Kayan, Kenyah and Bahau) is often called "The Ulu" is also a pe-malay-an of the word "Apokayan"itself. Meanwhile, the Dayak people Kendayan after the arrival of Islam by outsiders is also often called the "upstream" and translated into their own with the word "Daya". So it is clear that the term Dayak is a collective term for the Dayak people of diverse cultures and languages, whose life is closely related to the river (River Culture), this is because after the arrival of Islam almost all settlements indigenous people of Borneo, which is still cultured native (Dayak) there is not much on the sea coast again (although in some areas are still there on the coast of the Sea), but in the watershed.

Dayak said, his own apart from the Dayak languages Kendayan, also comes from the Dayak Kenyah, and other Dayak. That is the term the word "Daya" has the meaning of "upstream" and "strength". when there are others who are questioning someone who wanted to upstream areas in the past with the sentence in the language of Dayak Kendayan like this: Ampus Ka mane kau? it will be in charge by the person in questioned as follows: "Aku Ampus ka daya ..." which means "go where you been? I go upstream. " The days before in ancient Javanese texts pulau kalimantan called "Nusa Kencana" which means island of gold, but by the Javanese Most of the more commonly called the "Land Sabrang" the residents are "People Sabrang" Dayaks designation by the Javanese in the past. So it is clear that the term "Dayak" is not derived from the Javanese language as something meaningful ragged, sloppy, and the like. the term "ndayakan" in the Java language itself is still relatively new form the days of Dutch rule.

The term was popularized by soldiers in the Netherlands who came from the Javanese who when they come into the hinterland far kalimantan (Which is very far from the coast), they saw many people dressed in makeshift Dayak made of bark or cloth that has been tattered, shabby and sloppy.

Dayak tribe consists of six Stanmenras or clumps that clumps or stanmenras Klemantan aka Borneo, Stanmenras Iban, Dayak Stanmenras Apokayan the Kayan, Kenyah and Bahau, Stanmenras Murut, Stanmenras Ot Danum Stanmenras-Ngaju and Punan. Madagascar's population are descendants of the sailors Dayak Ma'anyan the days of Islam in the past that is yet to come to Indonesia. they still use Ma'anyan Dayak language (Barito Languange) which is mixed with a bit of Java and the Malay language.